Binance Coin (BNB) and its ecosystem: an in-depth analysis

Build and Build (BNB), formerly known as Binance Coin, is a utility token used on the Binance crypto trading platform. In 2017, it was introduced as an ERC-20 token based on the Ethereum blockchain. BNB's primary function was to offer reduced trading fees for users on the Binance platform.

Binance's role has expanded over time. It developed its own blockchain, the Binance Chain. Later, it introduced the BNB Chain. This combines the Binance Smart Chain (BSC) with the BNB Chain. It allows BNB to do more things, like vote and participate in decentralized finance (DeFi).


  • BNB, initially an Ethereum-based ERC-20 token, was created in 2017 to reduce trading fees on Binance and has since migrated to its own blockchain.

  • BNB is integral to the BNB Chain. It combines the Binance Chain and Binance Smart Chain, enhancing its utility in governance and DeFi.

  • BNB's role extends beyond fee reduction to staking, lending, and participating in new projects within the Binance ecosystem.

  • BNB holders engage in the Binance ecosystem's governance, influencing key decisions on the BNB Chain.

  • BNB faces growth opportunities in DeFi and NFTFi sectors, balanced against regulatory scrutiny and increasing market competition.

What is the Binance Coin (BNB)? Exploring its origins and overview

Formally known as the Binance Coin, Build and Build (BNB) serves as a utility token for the Binance exchange. The asset has an interesting story that's been closely linked to the growth of the cryptocurrency industry. BNB was established in 2017 and first developed as an ERC-20 token based on the Ethereum blockchain.

During its ICO (initial coin offering), Binance made BNB available to the public. This provided funds to help form the exchange and opened the opportunity for BNB to help reduce trading costs for holders. This token utility is usually found on exchanges, and it's something that users of cryptocurrency exchanges are often keen to take advantage of to lessen their trading expenses.

As Binance progressed, so did BNB. Realizing the need for a more specialized environment to support its aspirations, Binance intentionally moved BNB from the Ethereum blockchain to the Binance Chain.

The migration of the BNB marked a significant shift in its development, transitioning it from an ERC-20 token to a core component of the Binance infrastructure. The introduction of Binance Chain wasn't just a technical change — it marked a new era for BNB, extending its potential applications and establishing it as a foundational part of the Binance ecosystem.

What is the BNB Chain?

The Binance ecosystem, initially featuring the Binance Chain and Binance Smart Chain (BSC), has evolved significantly, leading to the formation of the BNB Chain. This evolution represents a strategic move to expand and decentralize the ecosystem, integrating these blockchain networks under the overarching BNB Chain.

Key developments in the Binance ecosystem

Binance smart chain to BNB Chain

BSC, initially a separate layer-1 blockchain, merged with the Binance Chain to form the BNB Chain. This integration aimed to deepen decentralization and broaden the token's utility beyond Binance's platform.

BNB Chain components

The BNB Chain now consists of two main parts:

  • BNB Beacon Chain: This chain handles governance aspects like staking and voting.

  • BNB Smart Chain (formerly BSC): Keeping its compatibility with the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), it continues to support a multitude of blockchain functionalities and applications.

The Evolution of the BNB Token

Originally an ERC-20 token on Ethereum, BNB transitioned to the Binance Chain in 2019 and then played a pivotal role in the development of BSC. Now, as the native token of the BNB Chain, it serves a broader ecosystem, encompassing both the original Binance Chain and the BNB Smart Chain.

Decentralization and community focus

The BNB Chain is defined by its decentralized, open-source, and community-driven setup. This strategy is essential to the chain's well-being and durability, as it relies on efforts from engineers, consumers, validators, and delegators. The chain can accommodate major programs such as SocialFi, GameFi, and the Metaverse.

The transformation from Binance Chain and BSC to the unified BNB Chain marks a significant step in Binance's journey to create a more interconnected, decentralized, and versatile blockchain ecosystem.

How does BNB serve as a utility token?

BNB is primarily used as a utility token on the Binance platform, providing a considerable discount in fees for various trading options.

  • Trading fee reductions: Users benefit from a 25% discount on spot and margin trading fees and a 10% reduction on futures trading fees.

Alongside trading fee reductions, BNB offers a broad range of advantages across the Binance environment and the crypto space.

  • BNB Vault and Binance Launchpool: Users can stake BNB to earn rewards through the BNB Vault or engage in token farming opportunities on Binance Launchpool.

  • Binance Launchpad: BNB holders can access exclusive token sales on Binance Launchpad, often involving early-stage blockchain projects.

  • Binance Pay: Binance Pay is a cryptocurrency payment technology designed by Binance. Shop with crypto or send crypto to friends and family worldwide.

  • Binance Loan: Users can apply for crypto loans using BNB as collateral, providing flexibility in managing their crypto assets.

  • Staking and Yield Earning: Staking BNB contributes to securing the BNB Chain ecosystem, and users can earn a flexible percentage yield by depositing BNB on select BNB Chain projects.

BNB has implemented an auto-burn system that's designed to reduce the total supply to 100,000,000 BNB. This program is based on BNB's cost and the total number of blocks produced on BSC in any quarter, providing visibility and reliability to its users.

BNB helps Binance users save money and do things like stake, lend, and spend on new projects.

What role does BNB play in DeFi on BNB Chain?

The BNB Chain, with its efficient transaction processing and Ethereum virtual machine (EVM) compatibility, has become a hub for DeFi builders. Meanwhile, the low gas fees make it attractive to users also.

DeFi on BNB Chain: an overview

  • Rank and TVL: BNB Chain has earned a high ranking for total value locked (TVL), suggesting a large user base and strong DeFi applications such as decentralized exchanges (DEXs) and lending/borrowing protocols.

  • BUSD stability: BUSD, a stablecoin primarily backed by fiat, serves as a secure basis for DeFi protocols on BNB Chain. It helps to lessen the dangers posed by the wild fluctuations of the cryptocurrency market.

  • Growth areas: BNB Chain provides plenty of chances for growth, such as liquid staking, use of real-world and synthetic assets, derivatives protocols, and payment solutions. These areas of development offer high potential.

Prominent DeFi platforms on BNB Chain

  • Yield aggregators: Notable examples in the field of yield farming include Alpaca Finance, specializing in leveraged yield farming, Autofarm, a cross-chain yield aggregator, and Beefy Finance and PancakeBunny, both of which are dedicated to providing users with optimized returns.

  • DEXs: Noteworthy DEXs operating on the BNB Chain include PancakeSwap, with its automated market maker (AMM) design and game-like elements, and, which reduces slippage by dividing orders among multiple DEXs. Other major exchanges are DODO, KyberSwap, and OpenOcean.

BNB's role in DeFi

  • The BNB token plays an essential role in the DeFi ecosystem, typically being used to pay for transaction costs, vote on protocols, and as a trading pair. Its strong existence on the BNB Chain improves the liquidity and usability of DeFi services, boosting the acceptance and advancement of DeFi projects on the BNB Chain.

BNB Chain offers a diverse range of applications and opportunities for innovation. Its combination of technical prowess and the strength of BNB as a utility token makes it an ideal ecosystem for DeFi developers and users alike.

BNB and governance: how do holders participate in the Binance ecosystem?

Governance is a fundamental element of decentralized networks such as the BNB Chain, and BNB holders are given a major role in this regard. The Binance ecosystem allows its users to take part in governance decisions, particularly those associated with the BNB Chain.

This encourages a sense of unity and shared ownership among token holders. Staking not only contributes to the security of the network, but also gives users the ability to cast their vote on key decisions and proposals that'll determine the destiny of the BNB Chain.

The BNB Chain is designed to be an open platform, where all community members can contribute proposals and the collective voice of BNB holders is heard when making decisions. This encourages engagement and involvement, aligning with the decentralized and democratic spirit of the BNB Chain.

BNB holders aren't just spectators — they become a part of the system's growth and advancement. This form of governance highlights the decentralized structure of the BNB Chain and reinforces its vow to be an open blockchain network steered by its users.

What's the impact of Binance Launchpad on new projects? And, how does BNB fuel them?

Binance Launchpad's purpose is the introduction of new cryptocurrency projects and ICOs. The part BNB plays in this system is essential, as it's usually the foundation of engagement in these token sales.

Through ICOs, Binance Launchpad provides blockchain startups with access to important resources such as information, connections, and financing opportunities. And through Binance Launchpad, projects are exposed to over 10 million Binance users who may become involved. To be selected for the Launchpad, projects must go through a rigorous vetting process that looks at factors such as how far along the development is, the team's capability, and the likely benefits to the crypto space.

Participants in ICOs on Binance Launchpad need to have a KYC-verified account on the Binance exchange. The token purchasing process is based on a first come, first served principle, with certain limits on the amount of tokens one can buy, varying per project.

Binance Launchpad has introduced a thorough procedure for launching tokens, including:

  • An initial assessment and evaluation.

  • Application and selection

  • Token sale and allocation.

An in-depth investigation of the project’s white paper, technological documentation, and general feasibility is conducted during the first stage. Post-selection, the projects enter the token sale phase, where BNB is used for purchasing tokens.

After the sale, Binance works closely with projects to distribute tokens and supports them in various ways, including listing on the Binance exchange and marketing assistance.

The success of these launches depends on the quality and practicality of the project, the community's involvement, the trustworthiness of Binance Launchpad, and compliance with regulatory and security requirements. This robust backing system builds confidence and provides development opportunities for new projects in the crypto sector.

What are the key factors of BNB tokenomics?

The Binance ecosystem's native token, BNB, has a distinct tokenomics-based economic model influencing its value and market activity.

The finite amount of 200 million BNB tokens that were pre-mined is a critical factor in the value of BNB, with no more tokens ever being generated.

Key aspects of BNB's tokenomics include:

Token standards

Binance supports two token standards: BEP2 and BEP20. BEP2 tokens are used for transaction fees and staking on the Binance Chain (BNB Beacon Chain). Meanwhile, BEP20 tokens are used on the Binance Smart Chain to support smart contract capabilities and other blockchain operations.

Token burn mechanism

BNB applies an "auto-burn" method with the goal of reducing the total amount of BNB to 100 million. This system controls the amount of BNB to be consumed depending on the price of BNB and the amount of blocks produced in the BNB Smart Chain per quarter. This auto-burn mechanic guarantees a deflationary supply, potentially raising the value of BNB over time.

These features of BNB's tokenomics, including a capped supply and a deflationary burn mechanism, are designed to sustain its long-term value and stability in the cryptocurrency market.

What are the future prospects and challenges for BNB and its ecosystem?

As with any crypto project, BNB and its environment can expect fresh opportunities and considerable difficulties in its futures. That's just the volatile nature of the space. BNB is currently the fourth-largest cryptocurrency globally, and its value has grown exponentially in 2021, with gains of over 13,000%. However, regulatory requirements can add a layer of complexity and uncertainty.

In terms of market trends, since its peak in April 2023, BNB has been trending downwards, with indicators like the Relative Strength Indicator suggesting a lack of momentum. Nevertheless, BNB Chain remains a major force in the DeFi sector, and is sustaining a considerable daily trading volume as of November 2023.

Despite a slight drop in TVL year-to-date, the chain continues to attract innovative projects, contributing to its diversity and strength. New sectors like NFTFi have seen substantial growth, with BNB Chain holding a significant market share in this area.

The interplay between BNB and its environment is a lively one, with growth and difficulty interacting. Its robustness, particularly in the DeFi and developing NFTFi areas, is a plus. Nonetheless, compliance pressures and intensified market rivalry could impact BNB's future potential in the transforming crypto landscape.

The final word

BNB was launched in 2017 when the Binance Exchange held its ICO. It was created to support the exchange's funding and offer discounts on trading fees. As Binance's development continued, BNB was moved to the Binance Chain, becoming a cornerstone of the exchange's infrastructure.

When the Binance ecosystem was created it brought together the Binance Chain and Binance Smart Chain (BSC). This step further decentralized the network, increasing the number of tasks BNB can be used for.

The BNB Chain is composed of the BNB Beacon Chain, responsible for governance, and the BNB Smart Chain, which offers blockchain functionalities compatible with the EVM.

BNB has broadened its role, bringing fee reductions, staking, lending, and participating in new projects. The BNB Chain's decentralized, open-source approach emphasizes community involvement in governance, allowing BNB holders to vote on key decisions.

The Binance Launchpad, using BNB for ICOs, enables access to resources and exposure for new projects, subject to a thorough vetting process. In tokenomics, BNB’s fixed supply, auto-burn mechanism, and BEP2/BEP20 token standards aim to lock in long-term value.

Despite its growth and significant role in DeFi, BNB faces challenges such as regulatory scrutiny and market competition. Its future hinges on navigating these obstacles while capitalizing on its established position in the DeFi and emerging NFTFi sectors.

This content is provided for informational purposes only and may cover products that are not available in your region. It is not intended to provide (i) investment advice or an investment recommendation; (ii) an offer or solicitation to buy, sell, or hold digital assets, or (iii) financial, accounting, legal, or tax advice. Digital asset holdings, including stablecoins and NFTs, involve a high degree of risk and can fluctuate greatly. You should carefully consider whether trading or holding digital assets is suitable for you in light of your financial condition. Please consult your legal/tax/investment professional for questions about your specific circumstances. Information (including market data and statistical information, if any) appearing in this post is for general information purposes only. While all reasonable care has been taken in preparing this data and graphs, no responsibility or liability is accepted for any errors of fact or omission expressed herein. Both OKX Web3 Wallet and OKX NFT Marketplace are subject to separate terms of service at

© 2024 OKX. This article may be reproduced or distributed in its entirety, or excerpts of 100 words or less of this article may be used, provided such use is non-commercial. Any reproduction or distribution of the entire article must also prominently state: “This article is © 2024 OKX and is used with permission.” Permitted excerpts must cite to the name of the article and include attribution, for example “Article Name, [author name if applicable], © 2024 OKX.” No derivative works or other uses of this article are permitted.
Related articles
View more
View more